San Andres: identity and development in the Caribbean
  Turismo, desarrollo e identidad en el Caribe

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Cayo Acuario. The dark side of tourism. San Andres is poor in own resources, which is why tourism is highly criticized. On one hand, the majority of the hotels pay taxes in Bogota and yet at the same time contribute to the lack of water.

Deimar and his brother. His family members came from the Chocó and settled down in one of the neighborhoods inhabited almost exclusively by continentals.

With El Fallo de la Haya, fishermen mourn the loss of their source of subsistence and part of their original territory.

Key chain with the independent flag of AMEN-SD. In 2007, with the Colombo-Nicaraguan dispute to determine the jurisdiction of the archipelago, AMEN-SD manifests itself by taking down the flag of the Republic and raising the flag of independence. Flash remembers angrily, “…I was the conductor for various presidents, but when Uribe came I rejected him!”

Inhabitant of one of the few traditional houses still around. They are characterized by the Dogtrot style, common in the architecture of the south-eastern part of the United States since the early 1800’s.

View of the south-western part of the island, one of the few parts of the island that has not been urbanized.

The First Baptist Church was founded in 1844 by Philip B. Livingstone, who also freed the slaves in 1853. Vehicle of the raizal identity with the current pastor, Raymond Howard, who is also one of the strong personalities of the movement AMEN-SD.

Cristina with the photo of the ancestors who arrived for the first time on the archipelago. Jeremiah Lynton, a well-known business man and Rebecca Bowie, heir to plantations and various slaves.

The Cliff, an unofficial invasive neighborhood in the bottom part of the photo and downtown, developed after declared a Free Port, at the top. This image testifies to the degree of overpopulation on the north of the island.

Tablitas. Here, like in other depressed sectors, characterized by continental population or raizals, there are outbreaks of delinquency. Beyond common delinquency, the lack of planning and governance has opened the door to narcotrafficking.

With the end of coconut plantations, the island economy begins to change until it loses all self-sufficiency. Donald Orly Livingston picks up leaves from the coconut trees for the construction of a cabin.

La Loma. Ted and his son sitting on top of a cistern. Without rain or drinking water, for months they have had to buy water at the local store and take showers at his mother’s house.

The Rundown. A typical San Andres dish. Due to its complex preparation, making this dish is also considered a good social activity.

Students in a public school listening while a member of the R-Youth speaks about raizal identity.

Inhabitant of one of the neighborhoods which lacks most basic services.

Key words:  Africa, Colombia, religion, politics, indigenous, identity, society, ideas, nature.

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